Back to Sexual health. HIV is transmitted through seminal and vaginal fluids, including menstrual fluids. The virus can enter the body through the bloodstream or by passing through delicate mucous membranes, such as inside the vagina, rectum or urethra.
You can also use other HIV prevention methods, below. If you are living with HIVthe most important thing you can do to prevent transmission and stay healthy is to take your HIV medication known as antiretroviral therapy or ARTevery day, exactly as prescribed. There also are other options to choose from, below.
So that perhaps explains the reason why we get asked this sensible question so often: does oral sex put me at risk of getting HIV? Oral sex is generally considered to be very low risk for HIV transmission. Risk can increase if there are sores, abrasions or cuts in the mouth or following a dental procedure like tooth extraction.
Oral sex is sex that involves the mouth and the penis, vagina, or anus butt hole. Some other words for different kinds of oral sex are "blow job," "giving head," "going down on," "eating out," "sucking," "cunnilingus," or "rimming. There are a few known cases of people getting HIV from giving oral sex licking or sucking. There are no known cases of someone getting HIV from receiving oral sex being licked or sucked.
The chances of HIV being passed from one person to another depend on the type of contact. HIV is most easily spread or transmitted through unprotected anal sex, unprotected vaginal sex, and sharing injection drug equipment. Unprotected sex means sex in which no condoms — or other barriers are used.
Oral sex involves using the mouth to stimulate the penis fellatiovagina cunnilingusor anus anilingus. However, it is hard to know the exact risk because a lot of people who have oral sex also have anal or vaginal sex. The type of oral sex that may be the riskiest is mouth-to-penis oral sex.
After more than 35 years of epidemiological and biomedical research, the question of whether you can get HIV from oral sex remains confusing. So let's start by separating hypotheticals from the hard facts and statistics. If asking can a person get HIV from oral sex, the honest answer would have to be possible but unlikely.
However, there are many things that prospective parents can do to reduce the risk. If you or your partner have HIV, then it is best to discuss these options with your HIV specialist before you conceive. The main method of transmitting HIV from a parent to a child is through mother to child transmission during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding. However in Australia there are great options mothers can choose to help prevent the onwards transmission of HIV from themselves to their child, including:.
HIV infects humans and causes damage by taking over cells in the immune system—the part of the body that usually works to fight off germs, bacteria and disease. When that happens, the body may not be able to fight off certain types of illnesses or cancers. If the infection is not detected and treated, the immune system gradually weakens and AIDS develops.